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The full list of writers nominated for the 1971 Nobel Prize in Literature includes just one woman.

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January 6, 2022, 3:11pm

As Kaj Scheueler reported for Swedish newspaper Svenska Dagbladet, newly opened archives from the Swedish Academy have given the public a window into the Nobel Prize in Literature judging panel’s deliberations in 1971. That year, Pablo Neruda ultimately took the prize—but according to the archives, Anders Österling, Nobel committee chair, initially wondered if the “increasingly dominant communist tendency in his poetry is compatible with the purpose of the Nobel prize.”

Among the Swedish Academy’s unveiled documents is the judging committee’s list of 90 contenders for the 1971 prize. There are some familiar faces—like Nabokov, Borges, James Baldwin, Edward Albee, Tennessee Williams—as well as less well-known figures. Notably, there’s only one woman on the list: expressionistic Estonian poet and translator Marie Under, who was nominated for the Nobel eight times and helped found the Estonian Writers Union.

Here’s the full list:

Edward Albee

Jorge Amado

Jerzy Andrzejewski

Louis Aragon

José-Maria Arguedas

Wystan Hugh Auden

Riccardo Bacchelli

James Baldwin

Tarashankar Bandyopadhyay

Mikola Bažan

Saul Bellow

Jorge Luis Borges

Jawad Boulos

Michel Butor

Heinrich Bōll

Elias Canetti

Alejo Carpentier

David Cecil

Aimé Césaire och Léopold Sédar Senghor

André Chamson

Fazil Hüsnü Daglarca

Tsendin Damdinsüren

Paul Demiéville

Lawrence Durrell

Friedrich Dürrenmatt

Rabbe Enckell

Salvador Espriu

Romain Gary

Maurice Genevoix

William Golding

Günter Grass

Graham Greene

Jorge Guillén

Paavo Haavikko

William Heinesen

Vladimir Holan

Eugène Ionesco

Roman Jakobson

Eyvind Johnson

Younghill Kang

Richard E. Kim

Miroslav Krleža

Karl Krolow

Erich Kästner

Arthur Koestler

Philip A. Larkin

Siegfried Lenz

Väinö Linna

Compton Mackenzie

Archibald MacLeish

Hugh L. MacLennan

Salvador de Madariaga

André Malraux

Jacques Maritain

Harry Martinson

Miguel Melendres de Tarragone

Arthur Miller

Eugenio Montale

Henry de Montherlant

Vilhelm Moravia

Vladimir Nabokov

Pablo Neruda

Fritiof Nilsson Piraten

Mikhail Nu’ayma

Ezra Pound

Evaristo Ribera Chevremont

Yannis Ritsos

Alain Robb-Grillet

Tadeusz Różewicz

Hans Ruin

Georges Schehadé

Arno Schmidt

Robert Shih

Claude Simon

Charles Percy Snow

Zaharia Stancu

Marie Under

Gérard Walschap

Mika Waltari

Simon Vestdijk

Sándor Weöres

Patrick White

Elie Wiesel

Thornton Wilder

José Garcia Villa

Henry Williamson

Angus Wilson

Carl Zuckmayer

Tennessee Williams

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