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    Read Joyce Carol Oates’ 1983 review of The Stories of Breece D’J Pancake.

    Dan Sheehan

    June 29, 2023, 12:57pm

    I’m going to come back to West Virginia when this is over. There’s something ancient and deeply-rooted in my soul. I like to think that I have left my ghost up one of those hollows, and I’ll never really be able to leave for good until I find it. And I don’t want to look for it, because I might find it and have to leave.


    Seventy-one years ago today, the prodigiously gifted but deeply troubled West Virginian short story writer Breece D’J Pancake was born. Pancake was twenty-six when he died by suicide on the outskirts of Charlottesville, Virginia, in 1979, leaving behind just 12 stories—six published, six unpublished—which were collected and published in 1983 as The Stories of Breece D’J Pancake.

    Here is a look back at Joyce Carol Oates’ New York Times review of that posthumously published collection.


    “The protagonists of these stories are all male; most work at fairly low-paying and menial jobs. (Even the truck drivers are nonunionized, scab labor.) They may be orphans who grew up with foster parents in households subsidized by welfare. They are miners suffering from undiagnosed (and unacknowledged) lung disease; they are ex-convicts, gas station attendants, tugboat workers, snow plow operators, organizers of outlawed cockfights, would-be ‘prizefighters’ so desperate for money they fight in the most unprofessional and lethal of circumstances. It goes without saying that they drink a good deal and are brutal to women, including their wives. If they hunt for deer and squirrel, it isn’t by way of diverting themselves with sport but simply because they need to eat. (Sometimes they have acquired a ravenous appetite for ‘wild meat.’) They tend to spend time in taverns and run-down diners, in the depressing company of aging versions of themselves. If, like the near-anonymous narrator of ‘A Room Forever,’ they come accidentally into contact with women they might love, the relationship is destroyed because they are terrified of intimacy; and their women too have become brutalized.

    The most powerful of the stories—‘Trilobites,’ ‘Hollow,’ ‘Fox Hunters,’ ‘The Scrapper,’ ‘In the Dry’—are as compactly and tightly written as prose poems and should be read (and reread) with extreme care. The author’s method is to create an atmosphere of extreme tension in his readers as well as in his protagonists. The stories’ opening paragraphs often announce in embryo what will follow, so that the narrative is thematically complete before, in a sense, it begins, and one feels the inexorable bars of circumstance closing about the characters. And the writing, lean, taut, pared back, near-flawless in its uninflected cadences, is perfectly suited to its content.

    “Like most posthumous collections, The Stories of Breece D’J Pancake is necessarily an uneven gathering, since the author did not live to organize his material and the editors were pragmatically required to assemble enough work to fill out a volume of conventional length. But even the relatively weak stories -‘Time and Again,’ for instance, which has a sort of comic book Gothicism—are nonetheless compelling; and Breece Pancake’s eye and ear for detail are superb. So thoroughly does he know and sympathize with the people of his doomed region that one comes away immersed in their disparate yet tragically kindred fates—and rather depressed by the unalterable fact that a uniquely gifted young writer’s canon is, with his first book, complete.”

    Joyce Carol Oates, The New York Times, February 13, 1983

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